Africa: ending poverty remains key to halting armed conflicts

Better peacekeeping and peace enforcement by African governments may wind down the growing number of conflicts on the continent. But only social and economic change will prevent new ones – and that’s going to take time. There are currently 28 countries in Africa involved in of affected by 21 armed conflicts. Their numbers have grown following a decrease in armed conflicts after the end of the Cold War. New ones have emerged, and they are principally rooted in the meagre levels of social and economic development that most African populations have to endure. According to the Pretoria-based Institute for Security … Continue reading

Why are we Eurosceptic?

There are many why people become sceptical of the European Union. For a long time, the Left was a stalwart supporter of the EU but this could well change. It has failed on three major fronts, none of which can be discounted easily: 1. Democracy – The European Union is a consolidation state, which allows the industrial and financial powerhouses of Europe to overcome old national barriers. This includes the problem of how to implement market reforms opposed by the majority of voters. The easy way around this is to nullify the sovereignty of a nation-state, as part of a … Continue reading

America’s war with Indochina

In 1961 the Kennedy administration came into office and inherited the Eisenhower policy of sending military advisors to South Vietnam in support of the Saigon government. The American presence in Vietnam had reached 800 by the close of the Eisenhower era and by 1963 President Kennedy would increase the number of military advisors to 16,000. The first strikes came in 1961 as the Kennedy administration sent war planes with South Vietnamese markings against rural targets where 80% of the population lived and the Viet Cong insurgency had taken root in South Vietnam. The war planes were manufactured in the United … Continue reading